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Sub order - Serpentes (OPHIDIA)
Introductions Identification Distribution Species Found in SL References

Distribution zones:

A1  =  Monsoon scrub jungle - extreme north and North West.

A2  =  Monsoon scrub jungle - extreme south east

B    =  Monsoon forest and grassland

C    =  Inter monsoon forests

D1  =  Rain foest and grassland - below 900m

D2  =  Rain forest and grassland - 900 to 1500m

D3  =  Rain forest and grassland - above 1500m

*     =  Five species of marine turtles that visit the beaches of A1,A2,B,C, and D1

**    =  Marine and snakes that inhabit estuaries, mangroves along the beaches of A1, A2, B, C, and D1

#%  =  The species of the genus Sphenomorphus is presently subjected to revision. Thus not listed under vegetation zones.

Occurance: P - present, Ab - Absent, NR - Not recorded

               

Species

A1

A2

B

C

D1

D2

D3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acrochordus granulatus **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

               

Gongylophis conica brevis

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Python molurus molurus

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

               

Cylindrophis maculate

P

Ab

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

               

Ahaeyulla nasuta

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Ahaetulla pulverulenta

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Amphiesma stolatum

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Argyrogena fasciolata

P

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Aspidura brachyorrohos

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

Ab

Ab

Aspidura copei

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

NR

P

Ab

Aspidura deraniyagalae

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

NR

P

Aspidura drummondhayi

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

NR

Aspidura guentheri

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Aspidura trachyprocta

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

Atretium schistosum

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Balanophis celonensis

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Boiga barnesii

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

Ab

Boiga beddomei

P

Ab

P

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Boiga celonensis

Ab

Ab

P

P

P

P

Ab

Boiga forsteni

P

NR

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Boiga trigonatus trigonatus

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Cerberus rynchops **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Ceraspis carinata

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Chrysopelea ornata ornata

NR

Ab

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Chrysopelea taprobanica

P

NR

P

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Coeloganthus helena

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Dendrelaphis bifrenalis

P

NR

P

NR

P

Ab

Ab

Dendrelaphis caudolineolatus

Ab

Ab

NR

NR

P

NR

Ab

Dendrelaphis oliveri

P

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Dendrelaphis tristis

P

Ab

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Dryocalamus gracilis

P

Ab

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Dryocalamus nympha

P

Ab

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Gerarda prevostianus **

P

NR

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Haplocercus ceylonensis

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

Ab

Liopeltis calamaria

P

Ab

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Lycoden aulicus

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Lycoden osmanhilli

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Lycoden striatus sinhaleyus

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

Ab

Ab

Macropisthodon plumbicolor palabariya

Ab

Ab

P

P

P

P

Ab

Oligodon arnensis

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Oligodon calamarius

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Oligodon sublineatus

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

Ab

Ab

Oligodon taeniolata ceylonicus

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Oligodon taeniolata fasciatus

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

Ab

Ab

Ptyas mucosa maxima

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

Sibynophis subpunctatus

Ab

Ab

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Xenochrophis asperrimus

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Xenchrophis piscator piscator

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

               

Bungarus caeruleus

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Bungarus ceylonicus

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

P

Ab

Calliophis melanurus

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Naja naja

P

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

               

Astrotia stokesii **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Enhydrina schistosa **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Hydrophis bituberculatus **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Hydrophis cyanocinctus **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Hydrophis gracilis **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Hydrophis lapemoids **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Hydrophis ornatus ornatus **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Hydrophis spiralis **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Hydrophis stricticollis **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Kerilia jerdonii **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Lapemis curtus **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Pelamis platurus **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Thalassophina viperina **

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Ramphotyphlops braminus

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Typhlops celonicus

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Typhlops lankaensis

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Typhlops leucomelas

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

Ab

Ab

Typhlops malcolmi

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Typhlops mirus

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Typhlops porrectus

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

Ab

Typhlops tenebrarum

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Typhlops veddae

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Typhlops violaceus

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Platyplectrurus madurensis ruhunae

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Pseudotyphlops philippinus

Ab

Ab

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Rhinophis blythii

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

P

Rhinophis dorsimaculatus

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Rhinophis drummondhayi

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

P

Ab

Rhinophis homolepis

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Rhinophis oxyrynchus

P

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Rhinophis philippinus

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Rhinophis porrectus

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Rhinophis punctatus

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Rhinophis tricoloratus

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

Uropeltis melanogaster

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

Ab

Uropeltis phillipsi

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

Ab

Uropeltis ruhunae

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

Ab

Ab

               

Daboia russelii russelii

P

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Echis carinatus carinatus

P

P

P

P

Ab

Ab

Ab

Hypnale hypnale

P

P

P

P

P

P

Ab

Hypnale nepa

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

P

Hypnale walli

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

P

P

P

Trimeresurus trigonocephalus

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

SERPENTES

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