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Banded Peacock
 

Papilio crino  Fabricius,1792
(Mayurubadha)

 
 
     
 
 
Scientific classification
 
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Arthropoda
Class : Insecta
Order : Lepidoptera
Family : Papilionidae
Subfamily : Papilioninae
Genus : Papilio
Species : P. crino
   
   
Binomial name
 

Papilio crino  Fabricius,1792

   
   
Synonyms
   
   
   
Status in Sri Lanka
   
   
   
Wingspan
  80-100mm
   
   
Host plant
  The larva feeds on Chloroxylon swietenia (Satinwood tree)
   
   
Nectaring Plants
   
   
   
Similar species
 
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    Distribution   
      This butterfly is found in parts of South Asia, including India and Sri Lanka.  
         
    Color/ pattern  
     
         
    Male ♂   Female ♀
    The bands on the upper surface of both wings are a brilliant blue green when viewed from top but appear a dark blue when viewed from the sides. The underside is dark brown to blackish brown in color. There is considerable seasonal variation in the size of the blue-green band; the one on the male is usually broader than the one on the female.
      The bands are narrower than the male.
     
         
    Identification characters of sexes  
         
         
    Habitat  
      Found in wooded area up to an elevation of 1600 feet but more common in low country dry zone. It is commonest during the north east monsoon. The male is far more abundant than the female.  
         
    Habits  
     

    The butterfly is solitary It flies in and out of scrub jungles and in wide open spaces, it flies fast and high, and out of reach. It is a nectar lover and prefers the flowers of tall shrubs and small trees but seen flying high above and forages on the trees. It spends little time on a flower and flies away in a hurry. The male is occasionally attracted to wet soil or gravel.

     
         
    Mechanisms to overcome threats  
     
         
    Ovum (Eggs)   Larvae (Caterpillar)
    It is laid on the underside of the selected leaf.    
         
    Pupa (Chrysalis)   Imago (Winged Adult)
        The female does not slow down and flutter around the plant looking for a suitable site to lay her eggs. To avoid predation high up in the tree, the female quickly lays a single egg and then flies away, minimizing her chances of being caught.
     
         
               
     
     
    Ovum (Eggs)
     
    Size :
     
     
    Shape
     
     
    Number :
    The female quickly lays a single egg on the underside of the selected leaf.
     
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    Larvae (Caterpillar)
     
    Size :
     
     
    Shape :
    It is limaciform; anterior segments convexly scutellated. It is furnished with a pair of short fleshy tubercles on anterior and two on anal segments.
     
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    ?
     
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    Pupa (Chrysalis)
     
    Size :
     
     
    Shape :
    It is curved backward anteriorly and the head is broad in front.
     
    Color :
    It is green.
     
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